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publication cover The Need for Conflict-sensitive Land Policy and Land Governance in Africa

Author(s): Joost Van Der Zwan

Issues and disputes related to land are often at the root of violent conflict in Africa. Land issues therefore need to be addressed in a comprehensive way that maximises the productive capacity of people and natural resources, while also minimising the risk of violent conflict and instability. Incorporating a conflict-sensitive approach when designing and implementing land policies and land reform is consequently crucial in order to realise increased equity, greater socio-economic development and food security, as well as contribute to peace and stability on the continent.

publication cover Peacebuilding across Lake Albert
Reinforcing Environmental Cooperation between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo

Author(s): Meike Westerkamp, Annabelle Houdret

The role of the environment and natural resource management in peacebuilding is particularly important, as it can facilitate trust-building and benefit sharing. The analysis of Lake Albert, shared by Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, shows that peacebuilding opportunities exist even where high-level political agreements are lacking when initiatives integrate and rely on local stakeholders. The study of three domains of environmental interaction (environment and protected area management; water and fishery; energy and oil) reveals that while there is increasing competition and tension around resources, they also offer entry points for trust-building between and within countries. The study concludes with recommendations to donors who should focus on strengthening existing ties between communities, providing opportunities for benefit-sharing from sustainable resource management, and increasing inclusiveness of all stakeholders into local, national and transboundary development processes.

publication cover Regional Cooperation in the Great Lakes Region
A contribution to peacebuilding?

Author(s): Meike Westerkamp, Moira Feil, Alison Thompson

This case study seeks to analyse the peacebuilding potential of regional cooperation initiatives in the Great Lakes Region of Africa. It highlights two such initiatives on cross-border trade and energy that integrate peacebuilding objectives: the International Conference for the Great Lakes Region (IC/GLR) and the Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL). Within the report, attempts are made to measure the success rate of the two regional cooperation initiatives in reaching their objectives and what obstacles hindered their progress. The study then concludes with recommendations for the European Commission and other donors to improve regional cooperation in the Great Lakes.

publication cover Regional Cooperation in the South Caucasus
Lessons for Peacebuilding, from Economy and Environment

Author(s): Anja Wittich and Achim Maas

A web of regional cooperation formats has been established throughout the South Caucasus to foster cooperation across conflict divides in the areas of environment, economy and natural resource management. They aim at supporting dialogue, confidence-building and conflict transformation: Conflict parties share many interests and cooperation could satisfy them, while bringing estranged communities closer together. However, the web is often fragmented and asymmetric. Three issues are central to facilitating cooperation: (1) identifying authentic interests to assure ownership; (2) connecting agents of change capable of influencing their societies; and (3) tailoring formats of cooperation to the complex reality of the South Caucasus.

publication cover Regional cooperation on environment, economy and natural resource management:
How can it contribute to peacebuilding?

Author(s): Moira Feil, Diana Klein, Meike Westerkamp

The cluster ‘Regional Cooperation on environment, economy and natural resource management’ has been looking at the role regional cooperation initiatives in these three areas can play in peacebuilding. The cluster’s work primarily focuses on researching initiatives in the Andean Region of Latin America, the Great Lakes Region of Africa, the Middle East and the South Caucasus. This synthesis report highlights and extracts common patterns from these case studies. The first and second sections of this synthesis report introduce different types of regional cooperation and briefly summarise the opportunities for each cooperation area. The third section discusses important obstacles to regional cooperation. The report then makes recommendations to policy-makers designing new or overseeing existing initiatives with the aim of contributing to peacebuilding.

publication cover Regional Water Cooperation and Peacebuilding in the Middle East

Author(s): Annika Kramer

This case study seeks to deepen the understanding of how the peacebuilding effects of regional water cooperation can best be harnessed, supported and sustained. It analyses two existing initiatives involving Jordanians, Israelis and Palestinians: the Good Water Neighbors (GWN) project and the Regional Water Data Banks Project. The case analysis focusses on the design and implementation of cooperative processes, as both the form and content of cooperation are critical for peacebuilding. Building on the analysis of the two cases, as well as on broader knowledge on water cooperation, the report concludes with recommendations for funding agencies and third parties.

publication cover Conflict Economy International Cooperation and Non Renewable Natural Resources

Author(s): William Godnick, Diana Klein, Camilo González-Posso, Ivan Mendoza, Sebastián Meneses

This paper seeks to deepen the understanding of the intersection between the management of non-renewable natural resources and diverse forms of conflict in three countries of the Andean region (Colombia, Ecuador and Peru). It looks in particular at the root and proximate causes of conflict around oil and mining projects as well as voluntary mechanisms to govern private sector behaviour in zones with high levels of armed and/or social conflict. It concludes with recommendations as to how the EU and its member states can contribute to strengthening these mechanisms and the overall governance of non-renewable resources in the Andean region.

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